There are more than 2,700 islands all over Europe and every island has its own conditions. That is why the IANOS project aims at tailor-made solutions.
IANOS selected the islands of Ameland (Netherlands) and Terceira (Portugal) to serve as “pilot islands” because they both represent common EU challenges in terms of energy requirements, population, climatic conditions and topographic characteristics. The islands also offer various large-scale storage solutions for renewable energy sources and differ in their market characteristics, policies and regulations around the storage of energy. Considering their different penetration levels of renewable energy and grid conditions, they also represent different technical challenges.
The IANOS project also includes three “Fellow Islands” to validate the replicability potential of the results of the pilot islands. The islands selected are Lampedusa (Italy), Bora Bora (French Polynesia) and Nisyros (Greece).
A Virtual Power Plant (VPP) is a cloud-based cluster of intermittent energy generators such as wind turbines, solar panels, power-to-x facilities, vehicle-to-grid facilities, etc. that can be controlled from a central point. IANOS will demonstrate a VPP that uses Artificial Intelligence (AI) to optimise the generation of energy and balance demand and supply of energy on the islands. The AI is based on meta-learning predictive methods, fog computing, and a smart grid/advanced metering infrastructure integration to maintain stable system operation by taking into account several uncertainties and technical constraints such as ramp-up and down times, and compensating imbalances within various timeframes.
The core functionalities of the VPP include:
The IANOS Energy Planning and Transition Suite will assist key island stakeholders, such as energy system planners, utility owners and public authorities, in developing an effective renewable energy portfolio and island decarbonisation plan.
The main elements are: