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There are more than 2,700 islands all over Europe that play an important role in the transition away from fossil fuels towards cleaner energy and deliver on the EU’s Paris Agreement commitments for reducing greenhouse gas emissions as stated in the “Clean Energy for All Europeans” package. The islands are promoted as platforms for pilot initiatives on clean energy transition to be showcased as success stories at international level. These islands all have their specific energy-related challenges. The IANOS project contributes to solving these challenges.


Power system operation is facing new challenges by growing penetration of renewable energy sources, which displaces conventional generation and dramatically reduces grid inertia, posing problems to system security. The impact is higher especially in smaller islands and isolated networks.

IANOS solution consists of the development of a Virtual Power Plant (VVP) based on Artificial Intelligence. The project’s VVP will consider all island energy streams and act within multiple timeframes, offering ancillary services, congestion management, minimising renewable generation curtailment, deferring grid reinforcement and allowing the integration of innovative solutions such as flywheels and hybrid transformers.

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There are more than 2,700 islands in the EU and their availability of natural resources and applicable energy technologies can vary significantly, due to different climate and geological conditions. There is a multitude of energy sources available on each island and, for this reason, the transition to decarbonisation cannot be really tackled with one-size-fits-all solutions.

IANOS develops solutions adapted to the most relevant energy resources: solar, wind, tidal, geothermal, hydro, green gas, and waste. Moreover, IANOS will consider multiple storage mediums (electricity, hydrogen, thermal) and types of end-users (transport – including vehicle-to-grid –, industry, residential, and services).

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Predicting the demand and generation for heavily renewable energy based island power systems is a challenging task driven by the quality of data inputs, projected time horizons, predictive models and methods used. Moreover, some level of uncertainty is also determined by weather conditions.

IANOS enables enhanced grid operation monitoring through novel smart grid components and resources forecasting tools, especially at regional and local level, and by using Artificial Intelligence algorithms and pattern recognition intelligence for deploying predictive mechanisms that tackle the accuracy needs per service.

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The small scale of the islands’ economies may hinder the application of energy and materials circularity due to low expected financial benefits for stakeholders.

IANOS tests novel business models, based on multi-stakeholder collaboration in different contexts and empowered by crowdfunding-enabling solutions.

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Islands usually have a vertically integrated electricity market in which smaller-sized prosumers (MV/LV) are passive, non-competitive actors in the energy system. Another challenge is that lack of economies of scale prevents small system operators from market unbundling.

IANOS will test novel Demand-Side-Management (DSM) and Peer-to-Peer (P2P) transactive energy schemes within the Virtual Power Plant framework, delivering new societal benefits and exploiting active flexibility possibilities for prosumers at any scale.

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Current local energy communities often fail to achieve the value generation and renewable energy volume expected, due to limited engagement of citizens and concerns around novel, carbon-free solutions.

IANOS Energy Planning and Transition Suite will enhance green investments, empowering islanders to become part of the real decision-making process.

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Current European energy and climate policy regulations do not cater for the specificities of peripheral regions, such as islands.

IANOS will establish proportionate exemptions from certain regulatory obligations that apply to mainland energy systems and deliver tailor-made regulatory approaches.

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